MUDRA or Micro Units Development & Refinance Agency Limited is an institution setup by the Government of India for development and refinancing activities relating to micro units. MUDRA was announced by the Hon’ble Finance Minister in the 2016 Budget. Under MUDRA, loans are provided under three schemes namely ‘Shishu’, ‘Kishor’ and ‘Tarun’ to signify the stage of growth and funding needs of the beneficiary micro unit. This loan can be availed by Micro Units and Entrepreneurs in India. In this article, we look at the procedure for obtaining MUDRA loan.
One of the biggest bottleneck for SMEs in India is the lack of financial support from the formal banking or financial sector. The lack of formal financing hampers growth of small businesses and makes them ineffective at competing with larger players. To remove this bottle neck and provide finance to micro units or Entrepreneurs, MUDRA Bank has been setup as a subsidiary of SIDBI.
MUDRA would be responsible for refinancing all financiers or financial institutions engaged in financing of Small Businesses, Societies, Trusts Section 8 Companies, Co-operative Societies, Small Banks, Scheduled Commercial Banks and Rural Banks which are in the business of lending to micro or small businesses engaged in manufacturing, trading and services activities.
Loan is provided currently under three schemes in Prdhan Mnatri MUDRA Yojana. The three schemes are as following:
Any Indian Citizen who has a business plan for a non-farm sector income generating activity such as manufacturing, processing, trading or service sector and whose credit need is less than 10 lakh can approach either a Bank, MFI, or NBFC for availing of MUDRA loans under Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY). The terms and conditions of the lendor would have to be followed for availing of loans under MUDRA. The lending rates are as per the RBI guidelines issued in this regard from time to time. Since, MUDRA is a refinancing institution, loans are not offered directly by MUDRA but through existing NBFCs, Financial Institutions, Banks, Primary Lending Institutions, etc.,
The target audience for MUDRA loans are millions of Proprietorship / Partnership Firms running a small manufacturing unit or service sector unit like shopkeepers, fruits/vegetable vendors, truck operators, food-service units, repair shops, machine operators, small industries, artisans, food processors and others, in rural and urban areas.
MUDRA loan is provided in the form of a MUDRA card wherein the borrower can avail credit in a hassle free and flexible manner through a RuPay card. The MUDRA card will provide working capital arrangement in the form of Cash Credit or Over Draft and can be used by drawing cash from ATM or making purchases using Point of Sale credit card swiping machines. MUDRA card also allows for repayment of the amount as and when surplus is available, thereby reducing interest burden.